Anjali Ganjare*, Nishikant Raut
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur- 440033 (Maharashtra), India
*Address for Corresponding Author
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur – 440033 (Maharashtra), India
Objective: Aim of present review is to explore the pharmacognostic, pharmacological and folkloric literature of C. dichotoma. Methods: Exhaustive literature survey was carried out on various search engines including but not limited to Google scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, Science hub, Research gate and Scopus. The offline literature survey was carried out at RTM Nagpur University library, University of Pune library and Pravara Rural College of Pharmacy, Ahmednagar. Results: C. dichotoma is widely used plant in traditional medicinal systems for various diseases and in many culinary preparations in many Asian countries. Its polysaccharides rich ripen fruits produce jelly-like sticky mass, mainly used for preparation of pickle in India. Its bark contains tannins, resins, saponins, diterpenes, cordifolic and cordioic acid as main chemical constituents. Unani medicinal system showed antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-tussive uses of this plant. Polyherbal formulations containing C. dichotoma as chief ingredients are extensively used in India for the treatment of common cold, catarrh, cough, respiratory distress and fevers. Since ancient time, leaves and stem, bark are used in the treatment of dyspepsia, fever, diarrhea, leprosy, gonorrhea and burning sensation. Leaves of the plant have been shown to have anti-helminthic, astringent, diuretic, demulcent, purgative, expectorant, properties. Present literature review has been envisaged with an intension to provide scientific information about phytochemical and pharmacological profile of C. dichotoma. Conclusion: C. dichotoma is highly useful plant. Traditional claims have been scientifically validated by various researchers all over the world. Extracts of various parts of this plant can be safely used for various human ailments such as common cold, catarrh, cough, respiratory distress and fevers.
Keyword: C. dichotoma, Phyto-chemical, Pharmacology, antioxidant, ulcerative colitis