Chinmay Devidas Deshmukh*, Akshay Motilal Baheti
School of Pharmacy, MIT World Peace University, Kothrud, Pune-411038, Maharashtra, India
*Address for Corresponding Author:
Chinmay Devidas Deshmukh,
School of Pharmacy, Dr. Vishwanath Karad MIT World Peace University,
Kothrud, Pune-411038, Maharashtra, India
Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and replaced in the body of a patient who has damaged or missing organs. The person who donates organ is called donor whereas a patient who receives it, is called the recipient. The donor and recipient may be available in the same location, or organs may be transferred from a donor site to the recipient site by a suitable method. Various Organs that have been successfully transplanted to date include the lungs, intestine, uterus, heart, pancreas, kidneys, liver and thymus. Tissues that are transplanted include tendons, skin, bones, valves, cornea, nerves and veins. Worldwide, the most commonly transplanted organs are kidneys, then liver and then the heart. Organ donors are living, or brain dead. Cadaver transplantation is the most challenging, complex and risky areas in the field of medical and surgical science. Overall transplantation requires patience, financial planning, ethical consideration, dedication and expertise of the medical team. It involves major risk of patient’s life. But it is considered the most miraculous treatment of the century in the field of medical science. The present review is therefore planned to focus on its importance, types, history, need, process, medications and risks of organ transplantation.
Keywords: Transplantation, recipient, cadaver, organ