Research Articles

2021  |  Vol: 7(1)  |  Issue: 1(January-February)  |  https://doi.org/10.31024/ajpp.2021.7.1.8
Pharmaceutical standardization of Swarna Makshika Bhasma (Processed Copper Pyrite): A traditional medicine of Indian subcontinent

Vandana Meena*, Shakti Bhushan, Anand Chaudhary

Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences,Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (U.P.), 221005, India

*Address for Corresponding author

Vandana Meena

Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences,Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (U.P.), 221005, India

 

Abstract

Objective: The pharmaceutical practice in Ayurveda is Rasa Shastra. The consistency of the medicines recommended for the patient is also a prerequisite for effective management. The Ayurvedic metallic preparations (Bhasma) made from metals and minerals are potent and efficient. The aim of this study was to standardize the pharmaceutical process of Swarna Makshika Bhasma (copper pyrites). Material and methods: In this study, pharmaceutical processing of Swarna makshika Bhasma (processed copper pyrites) was standardized as per Rasa Tarangini (classical text book of ayurvedic pharmaceutics). It was subjected to Bharjana (frying and roasting) containing lemon juice for 12 h at temperature range between 650°C-800°C. Further, triturated with lemon juice for impregnation of herbal constituents and subjected to the regulated quantum of energy in form of heat (Marana) and then in an earthen container and temperature was maintained at 600°C for 30 minutes in first step. Then continuously for next 10 similar steps 700°C temperature was maintained for 30 minutes unless all the consistency of metallic ash (Bhasma) with its classical and contemporary parameters was guaranteed. Results: The weight loss at full speed was on aggregate 14%. The finished product was Fe2O3 in maximum amount, copper sulphide (Cu2S), CuFeS2, FeSO4 and Fe3O4. Conclusion: This study perceives the sights of scientific substantiation of ancient Ayurvedic pharmaceutical procedures in requisites of purification, impregnation of herbal constituents and thermodynamic principle.

Keywords: Makshika, Bhasma, Ayurveda, Chalcopyrite, Copper pyrite

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