Review Articles

2020  |  Vol: 6(Articles in Press)  |  Issue: 3 (May-June)  |  https://doi.org/10.31024/ajpp.2020.6.3.5
COVID-19 Pandemic: Epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment knowledge

Amaresh Prusty1*, Sasmita Kumar Padhi 2

1Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Puri. Odisha. India

2MKCG College of Nursing, Berhampur. Odisha. India

*Address for Corresponding Author

Mr Amaresh Prusty

Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Puri. Odisha India 752002

Abstract

There is a new health crisis threatening the world with which shows its presence by the end of 2019 called as novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) .Coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. Since its first occurrence in the Wuhan city of China, it spread like forest fire across all over all countries and cause illness and death of humans within very short span of time. The COVID-19 viruses spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes or even shakes hands and remain in close contact with the society. Respiratory infections like common cold and later it leads to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) observe in this disease. As per reports, this new virus and disease first was seen in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Currently there is no targeted therapeutics and effective treatment options to treat this novel disease, though countries like Britain, USA claim for clinical trial for this novel virus using vaccine.  To cure the Coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) a lot of research is going on, but still it is in the primary stage. Based on the published article, we are hereby trying to summarize the epidemiology, life cycle, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of knowledge surrounding COVID-19.

Keywords: Coronavirus diseases (COVID-19); Middle East respiratory syndrome; severe acute respiratory syndrome; SARS-CoV-2

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