Anitha Nandagopal*, Syeda Maryam Danisha
Department of Pharmacology, Sultan-ul-Uloom College of Pharmacy, Road no.3, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad-500 034, Telangana, India.
*Address of Correspondence Author
Dr. N. Anitha,
Professor and HOD,
Dept. of Pharmacology, Sultan-ul-Uloom College of Pharmacy,
Road no.3, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad -500 034, Telangana, India
Micronutrients are an essential component of a healthy diet and are indispensable to the normal growth, development and wellbeing of a human being. Micronutrient deficiencies, also known as ‘Hidden hungers’ currently affect more than 2 billion people worldwide, resulting in poor growth, impaired physical and mental development and increased rate of morbidity and mortality, thus having a long term effect on the progress of societies and nations. Food fortification, which involves adding micronutrients to food, is an effective method to combat this epidemic. Numerous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness and feasibility of such interventions and their potential to improve a populations’ nutritional status. This article reviews the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies with focus on Vitamin A, iron, iodine and folate deficiencies, fortification processes and successful examples of fortification interventions.
Keywords: Fortification, micronutrients, malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies