Poornachand Tadisetti1*, Cheedella Hari Kumar2
1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Ananthapuramu, Ananthapur - 515002, Andhra Pradesh, India
2Vasavi institute of pharmaceutical sciences, Kadapa - 516247, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Address for Corresponding author
Research Scholar, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Ananthapuramu, Ananthapur - 515002, Andhra Pradesh, India
Background: Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) were the major health care problems in developing countries like India and which were usually considered as the great concern to be addressed. Objectives: To monitor the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among subjects suffering from various NCDs in rural settings to urban settings and improve the medication adherence, dietary and life-style modifications. Also, bring awareness on cost minimization methods. Methodology: This study was conducted prospectively by using WHO step wise questionnaire from March 2019 to March 2020. Results and discussion: A total of 512 subjects were recruited into the study and 74.21% (n = 380) of subjects were male and 25.78% (n = 132) subjects were female. The diabetic and hypertensive subjects of 42.96% (n = 220), diabetic and thyroid subjects of 7.03 % (n = 36) and other conditions constitute about 50 % (n = 256). It was also found that the overall impact of patient counseling was 83% (n = 425) and the awareness regarding dietary modifications were very poor. The educational status of the study population and the analysis includes the following, 70.70% (n = 362) of subjects were literates and 29.29% (n = 150) subjects were illiterates and it was evident that that 12.10% (n = 62) of subjects were on vegetarian diet and 87.89% (n = 450) subjects were on mixed diet. Conclusion: Based on the study results it was demonstrated that clinical pharmacy services play a pivotal role in improving the health status of patients.
Keywords: Medication adherence, co morbidities, cross sectional study, non communicable diseases