D. K. Sharma1*, Maya Sharma2
1Department of Science and Technology, Vardhaman Mahaveer Open University, Kota, Rajasthan, India
2Botany Research Lab, Agrawal PG College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
*Address for Corresponding Author
D. K. Sharma
Department of Science and Technology, Vardhaman Mahaveer Open University, Kota, Rajasthan, India
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) of cucurbitaceae is a climber and medicinal crop grown worldwide. It contains several bioactive compounds and secondary metabolites with possess pharmacological and anti-microbial properties. Traditionally, the plant used in medication to treat as rheumatism, gout, worms, colic, disease of liver, spleen and to cure diabetes. The plant is attacked by fungi, bacteria, virus, mycoplasma etc that reduces commercial or trade value of crop which indirectly and directly affected the economy of farmer or crop provider. These microorganisms reduces the yield in terms of quality and quantity; nutritional and medicinally properties of crop. Due to harvesting, packing and transportation various kinds of mechanical injuries occurred, which facilitate the entry of certain pathogens. The numerous diseases, which occur in transit and storage, result mainly from the activity of microorganisms. In this review article a study on ethnobotanical uses, phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activity associated with plant.
Keywords: Disease incidence, seed-borne diseases, management of diseases, bitter gourd