Jitendra Nagpure1*, Sajad Mir2, A.K. Pandey3, Jamaluddin4
1,2Research scholars, Mycological Research lab, Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, M.P. 482001 India
3Professor at Mycological Research lab Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, M.P. 482001 India
4Emeritus scientist at University Grant Commission, New Delhi India
Mycological Research Lab, Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya (RDVV), Jabalpur (M.P.) 482001 India
Background: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are found in a wide range of habitats usually in the roots of angiosperms, gymnosperms and pterydophytes, whose diversity can be estimated by studying rhizopheric soil and also by colonization patterns in roots of the host plants. Objective: To find diversity of Vesicular Arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi associated with Parthenium hystophorus. Materials and methods: Thus, an investigation was carried out on a weed plant ‘Parthenium hysterophorus’ to determine the mycorrhizal association potential of different fungi in Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Ten species of arbuscular mycorhiza fungi of the genus Glomus aggregatum, Glomus geosporum, Glomus fasciculatum, Glomusmosseae, Sclerocystiscorymeoides, Scetullospora jabalpurensis, Acaulospora appendiculata, Acaulospora rehmii, Gigaspora margarita and Archeospora were studied. Results: The highest VAM spore density was measured from RDVV Campus of approximately 119 density/50 gram soils and least was noticed from site Gauri ghat area. Species richness was maximum from RDVV Campus and from site Dumna park while site Sadar, Gorabazar, Adhartal contains species richness of 3 each. Site Gorabazar area has species richness of 4 each. The result suggested that AM fungi are well distributed in Parthenium plant species in central Jabalpur area.
Keywords: Parthenium hysterophorus, Vesicular Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Jabalpur district and frequently occurring Glomus species