Research Articles

2018  |  Vol: 4(6)  |  Issue: 6 (November-December)  |  https://doi.org/10.31024/ajpp.2018.4.6.6
A cross sectional study on the prevalence of gross hematuria in diabetic patients: A new finding

Hameeda Begum, Madhuri Devi Thadiboina, Manohar Babu Sitty, Kannan Vadivel*

Southern Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of pharmacology,

Mangaldas nagar, Guntur-522001, Andhra Pradesh, India.

*Address for Corresponding Author

Kannan Vadivel

Southern Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of pharmacology,

Mangaldas nagar, Guntur-522001, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract

Objectives: The presence of erythrocytes in the urine is called Hematuria. When it is visible to the patient it is termed as gross hematuria. The main objectives of our study are to determine the prevalence of gross hematuria. To counsel and educate the subjects on the associated risk factors and the further consequences of the same. Materials and methods: 300 participants were enquired about the related information in the questionnaire. The evaluation sheet or the questionnaire is mainly based on the symptoms of the abnormality and the medical history of the individual. According to the data collected we have found 29 hematuria cases. They were further analyzed and results were generated. Results: The percentage prevalence in our study was found to be 9.66%. In our survey hematuria among males and females is in the ratio of 0.82:1.2.  Out of 9.66% of hematuria positive cases, only about 3.66 % of subjects were treated or under treatment, remaining 6% of subjects were untreated. 44.82% of the total subjects as per analysis were found to be between 60- 70kgs of body weight. About 55.17% of the participants were within the age group of 40-50 years. Type 2 Diabetes mellitus and renal calculi were found to be the most significant risk factors for hematuria affecting 31.035% and 17.24% of subjects respectively. Conclusion: It is important to educate the population regarding the effects, symptoms, control measures and importance of treatment for hematuria. Screening with proper diagnostic tool and prevention programs are therefore recommended.

Keywords: Gross Hematuria, prevalence, questionnaire, Type 2 Diabetes mellitus, renal calculi, diagnostic tool

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