Research Articles

2018  |  Vol: 4(6)  |  Issue: 6 (November-December)  |  https://doi.org/10.31024/ajpp.2018.4.6.19
Risk factors and clinical profile of ischemic heart disease in north India

Ashish Akshay Bedi1, Ankit Gaur2*, Sourabh Kosey3, Deepanshu Kumar Chitra1, Kuldeep Singh3, Vishal Gupta3

1Medical Service Associate, Accenture, Bangalore, India.

2Department of Pharmacy Practice, ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India.

3Department of Pharmacy, ISF College of Pharmacy, Ghal Kalan, Ferozpur GT Road, Moga, 142001, Punjab, India.

*Address for Corresponding Author

Ankit Gaur

Department of Pharmacy Practice, ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India.

Abstract

Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess the clinical status and risk factors of Ischemic Heart Disease among patients. Material and Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted over a duration of six months at the Department of Medicine at Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Faridkot, Punjab, India.  Study participants were enrolled in the study after taking their written consent. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS ver. 20. Results: Among total 83 study population 63% were male and 37% were female. The majority of the study participants 73% belonged to the age group of  61-80 and most of them 83% had the past history of Hypertension, and 33% had Diabetes Mellitus, and 54% had IHD as past medical history. All of the patients had sedentary life style. A majority of study participants expercienced symptoms during ischemic episodes of IHD such as 88%  chest pain, 80% perspirated, 55% syncope, 22% abdominal pain. On analyzing the complications arised from IHD in the study population it was observed that majority had Heart failure 46% followed by Mitral regurgitation 20%, Arrhythmias 14%, Dilated cardiomyopathy 12%, Shock 8% respectively. Conclusion: In this study male gender, age group of 60-80 years, mixed diet were found to be more prevalent. Among Clinical Profile first most prevalent symptom was retrosternal pain in the chest without radiation followed by Perspiration and Dyspnea. Heart Failure, Mitral Regurgitation and Arrhythmias were found to be most prevalent Complications of IHD.

Keywords: Ischemic heart disease, clinical profile, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, risk factors

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