Research Articles

2018  |  Vol: 4(1)  |  Issue: 1(January-February)  |
Determination of Rosuvastatin Calcium in bulk and Pharmaceutical dosage forms by using UV-Spectrophotometric method

Harjeet Singh1*, Ram Dayal Gupta2, Girendra Gautam3

1Department of pharmacy, Bhagwant University, Ajmer 305004, Rajasthan, India

2Department of Pharmaceutics, H.R. Institute of Pharmacy, Morta, Ghaziabad 201003, Uttar Pradesh, India

3Department of pharmacy, Bhagwant University, Ajmer 305004, Rajasthan, India

*Corresponding Author

Harjeet Singh

Department of Pharmacy, Bhagwant University, Ajmer



Objective: The aim of the present work was to develop a simple and sensitive UV spectrophotometric method for the estimation of rosuvastatin calcium in bulk and in pharmaceutical dosage form. Material and methods: Rosuvastatin calcium exhibits maximum absorbance at 244 nm with apparent molar absorptivity of 7.1862 × 104 L/ in methanol as solvent. Beer’s law was found to be obeyed in the concentration range 2-18 µg /ml for rosuvastatin calcium. Result and discussion: The results of the study demonstrated that the developed procedure was accurate, precise and economical. This method is further extended to pharmaceutical dosage form. Conclusion: In this method, no interference from any pharmaceutical additives and diluents were found. The validation of the analysis was done by statistically and recovery studies.

Keywords: Rosuvastatin calcium, UV spectrophotometric method, Validation


Rosuvastatin Calcium is one of the most potent statins, and is approved for reducing circulating low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. It occurs as a white crystalline powder and chemically known as E,3R,5S)-7-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2- [methyl(methyl sulfonyl)amino]-6-propan-2- ylpyrimidin-5-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyhept-6-enoate with molecular weight of  1001.14 g/mol (Luvai et al., 2012). It is a lipid lowering drug used in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia to prevent cardiovascular disease (Sweetman and Martindale, 2005). Rosuvastatin is a fully synthetic competitive inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme that converts 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A to mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol. Common dosage forms are tablets and capsule (Ahmad et al., 2012).  As per literature survey it reveals that, only few  analytical techniques have been developed for the estimation  of rosuvastatin calcium in bulk and pharmaceuticals  such as High performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method (Uma Devi et al., 2011), one Reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method (Pandya et al., 2010) and few LC-MS methods (Singh et al., 2005). In this study an attempt was made to develop a simple spectrophotometric method for the estimation of the present drug in dosage form. A similar method was reported by many authors (Gupta et al., 2009; Sevda et al., 2011; Patel et al., 2012; Gajjar et al., 2010; Prajapati et al., 2010; Shinde et al., 2015) for the estimation of rosuvastatin calcium by UV spectrophotometric method.

Material and methods


A UV-Visible spectrophotometer (UV- 1700, Pharmaspec, Shimadzu, Kyoto, Japan) with one cm matched quartz cells was used for all absorbance measurements and Digital electronic balance (Sansui, Tokyo, Japan) was used for weighing of all samples.


Pure rosuvastatin calcium was obtained from M/s Sun pharmaceuticals Industry Ltd., Gurgaon, Haryana, India with purity of 99.9 % respectively. Methanol AR was purchased from Sd fine chemicals, Mumbai, India. Tablet formulation 10 mg of rosuvastatin calcium was procured from the local pharmacy.

Determination of wavelength maxima (λmax)

Rosuvastatin calcium was scanned in methanol. Accurately weighed 100 mg of drug was dissolved in 100 mL of respective media (1000 μg/mL). From this solution 10 mL solution was pipette out in 100 mL of volumetric flask and volume was made (100 μg/mL) and marked as stock solution. From the above stock solution 2 mL was transferred in 100 mL of volumetric flask and volume was made (2μg/mL). This solution was than scanned over the range of 200 to 400 nm against a blank using Shimadzu, UV-visible spectrophotometer. The wavelength at which maximum absorbance was achieved was considered as the wavelength maxima (λmax) for the pure drug (Prajapati et al., 2010).

Preparation of calibration curve

Calibration curve of drug Rosuvastatin calcium was prepared in methanol. Accurately weighed 100 mg of drug was dissolved in 100 mL of respective media (1000 μg/mL). From this solution 10 mL solution was pipetted out in 100 mL of volumetric flask and volume was made (100μg/mL). From the above stock solution aliquots of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 mL were transferred to series of 100 mL of volumetric flask and volume was made with different media to get serial dilutions containing 2-18 μg/mL of drug substance. The absorbance values corresponding to each concentration in different media was recorded using Shimadzu, UV-visible spectrophotometer (Sevda et al., 2011; Shinde et al., 2015).

Procedure for tablets

To estimate the drug in pharmaceutical dosage forms two commercial formulations Rozavel (M/s Sun Pharmaceuticals) and Crestor (M/s AstraZeneca) were purchased from local pharmacy. The average weight of each tablet with and without coating was calculated by weighing 20 tablets. Ten tablets were powdered finely in a mortar pestle. Powder equivalent to 50 mg of drug was successively extracted with methanol (4 × 20 mL) and the extracts transferred quantitatively into 100 mL volumetric flask after through 0.22 µm membrane filter. Then make up the volume with methanol (500µg/mL). Then this solution was further diluted with methanol to get working standard solution of 50 µg/mL. Suitable volume of this solution was taken in 10 mL volumetric flask and volume was made up with methanol. Absorbance was read and concentrations of rosuvastatin determined using the calibration curve. Calculations were then made with the dilution factor to find out the concentration of the drug in tablets. The experiments were repeated six times to check its reproducibility (Gupta et al., 2009).

Statistical analysis

All the experiments were performed in triplicate and all data are reported as mean ± standard deviation (SD).

Results and discussion

The solution of pure drug was scanned in methanol using Shimadzu, UV-visible spectrophotometer as shown in figure 1. The Absorbance maximum was found to be 244nm.  The molar absorptivity of rosuvastatin calcium was found to be 7.1862 × 104 L/ in methanol as solvent. The calibration curve of Rosuvastatin calcium was prepared in methanol as shown in table 1 and figure 2. Calibration curve was plotted between absorbance and concentration. The value of regression coefficient (R2) was determined to be 0.9969 which was found to be near 1 and the linear regression of absorbance on concentration gave the equation y = 0.047x+0.0967 as shown in table 2. The curve was found to be linear in the concentration range of 2-18 μg/mL and was in accordance with Beers-Lambert law. The statistical analysis of dosage forms has been shown in table 3.

Figure 1. UV-Visible spectrum of drug in methanol


Figure 2. Calibration curve of rosuvastatin calcium in Methanol



Table 1. Calibration curve of rosuvastatin calcium in methanol (mean ± S.D., n =3)

S. No.

Concentration (µg /ml)

Absorbance*± S.D




0.09± 0.004




0.178± 0.006




0.288± 0.002




0.378± 0.002




0.486± 0.003




0.578± 0.002




0.67± 0.003




0.744± 0.002




0.851± 0.003


Table 2. Optical characteristics of the calibration curve of rosuvastatin calcium



λ max (nm)


Beer’s Law Limit,  µg /ml


Slope (b)


Intercept (a)


Regression equation

(y= a+ bx)


Regression coefficient (r2)


Molar absorptivity, L/

7.1862 × 104

Sandell’s sensitivity

(µg /cm2 × 0.001 absorbance unit)


Table 3. Statistical analysis of rosuvastatin tablets

S. No.


Label claim mg/tab

Amount found mg/tab*

% Label claim ±SD



Rozavel (10mg)






Crestor (10mg)





*Average of six determinations

Table 4. Recovery studies of rosuvastatin tablets

S. No.


Amount added (mg)

Amount found, (mg*)

% Recovery ±SD*


Rozavel (10mg)





Crestor (10mg)




*Average of six determinations

For the evaluation of validity and reproducibility of the method, a known amount of drug was added to the analyzed sample of the tablet powder and the mixture was analyzed for drug content. The percent recovery was found to be within range as shown in table 4. The drug showed the absorption maxima at 244 nm and obeyed the Beer’s Law in the concentration range 2-18µg/mL. The interference from the pharmaceutical additives and excipients are absence shown by recovery experiments.


So as per the study it can be said that the proposed method is simple, precise, accurate and economical which can be very well applied to the marketed samples.


The authors express their gratitude to Sun Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Gurgaon, Haryana, India. For providing gift sample rosuvastatin calcium. The authors are thankful to the management of Department of pharmacy, Bhagwant University, Ajmer, Rajasthan. India, for providing the facilities to carry out the research work.

Conflict of interest

All authors have none to declare.


Ahmad M, Usman M, Sohail M. 2012. Pharmacokinetic interactions of rosuvastatin: A review. Journal of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicine 1-7.

Gupta A, Mishra P, Shah K. 2009. Simple UV spectrophotometric determination of rosuvastatin calcium in pure form and in pharmaceutical formulations. E-Journal of Chemistry 6(1):89-92.

Gajjar AK, Shah VD. 2010. Simultaneous UV- spectrophotometric estimation of rosuvastatin ans ezetimibe in their combined dosage forms. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 2(1): 131-138.

Luvai A, Mbagaya W, Hall AS, Barth JH. 2012. Rosuvastatin: A review of the pharmacology and clinical effectiveness in cardiovascular disease. Clinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology 6(1):17-33.

Pandya CB, Channabasavaraj KP, Jaydeep D, Chudasama JD, Mani TT. 2010. Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for estimation of rosuvastatin calcium in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research 5(1):1-6.

Patel BB, Shah BB, Gohil KN, Patel PM. 2012. Development and validation of spectrophotometric method for simultaneous estimation o rosuvastatin calcium and aspirin in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Science 2(2): 115-122.

Prajapati PB, Bodiwala KB, Marolia BP, Rathod IS, Shah SA. 2010. Development and validation of extractive spectrophotometric method for the determination of rosuvastatin calcium in pharmaceutical dosage forms. Journal of Pharmacy Research 3(8): 2036-2038.

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Shinde NG, Aloorkar NH. 2015. Development and validation of UV spectrophotometric method for simultaneous estimation of propranolol hydrochloride and rosuvastatin calcium in bulk drugs and pharmaceutical dosage form. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics 4(5): 55-59.

Singh SS, Sharma K, Patel H, Jain M, Shah H, Gupta S, Thakkar P, Patel N, Singh SP, Lohray BB. 2005. Estimation of rosuvastatin in human plasma by HPLC tandem mass spectroscopic method and its application to bioequivalence study. Journal of Brazil Chemical Society 16 (5): 944-950.

Sweetman SC, Martindale. 2005. The Complete Drug Reference, 34th Ed. Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, pp. 996.

Uma Devi S, E. Puspha Latha, Guptha CVNK, Ramalingam P. 2011. Development and validation of HPTLC method for estimation of rosuvastatin calcium in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage forms. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences 2(2): 134-140.

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