Review Article

2020  |  Vol: 6(5)  |  Issue: Articles in press  |  https://doi.org/10.31024/ajpp.2020.6.5.2
Recurrent aphthous ulcer: Literature review on etiopathogenesis, diagnosis and clinical aspects

Nandini N.*, Sreeja C., Sathish Muthukumar, Harini Priya, Nachiammai, Merlin Jayaraj

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Chettinad dental college and research institute, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kanchipuram Dist., Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu 603103 India

*Address for corresponding author

Nandini N.

Chettinad dental college and research institute, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kanchipuram Dist., Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu 603103 India


Abstract

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a common disease characterized by development of small or large painful, recurring, solitary or multiple ulcerations with circumscribed margin, having yellow or grey floor surrounded by erythematous haloes of the oral mucosa. It clinically presents as recurrent aphthous ulcer minor type, major type and recurrent herpetiform ulcer. Various systemic diseases have an oral manifestation of recurrent aphthous ulcer. This review paper focuses on the etiopathogenesis, clinical features, histopathology, cytology, differential diagnosis and treatment of recurrent aphthous ulcer.

Keywords: Systemic diseases, oral manifestation, histopathology, cytology

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